Five kinds of thinking that efficient learners are using

Today, let's talk about efficient learning based on this book and my experience in the last 8 months.

This paper is divided into five parts:
To be an effective learner, first understanddecisionBit problem
Big challengetargetTo counter attack
Train professionally rather than amateur
highqualityOutput forced input
Learning without solving problems is self hi

Following me through these five parts, you can learn the key to efficient learningthinking, if you can use them to guide your study, the effect will be visible to the naked eyeimproveAnd promotion.

Let's introduce them one by one.

01. If you want to be an efficient learner, first solve the positioning problem

According to 7 classes of efficient learning:

"To make an ordinary person an efficient learner, we must first solve the problem of finding the right placelocationInstead of teaching him learning methods, if the positioning problem is not solved, any method will be invalid. "

I agree with this view with both hands and feet.

If you don't know what to learn and why to learn, you won't be interested in learning anything, you can't learn anything deep, and you can't become your own.

This is also a lot of my advicecustomerWhen they encounter problems, they will say, teacher an, you recommend some books to me, and teacher an will tell you what to learnskillBetter... I usually don't directly recommend books or skills to them, but explore the positioning problem with them first.

Only with a clear positioning can we talk about what to learn and what to learnefficiencyandutility

I have a deep understanding of this myself.

In early September 2020, I rethinked what I was doingCareer counselingside hustle, writing, video numberpublicNoKnowknowledgePlanets and other things,decisionRe focus on careerorganizationThey will take career as the core in the futureplanDevelopment of various businesses.

With this orientation, my learning direction is clear immediately——CareerrelevantTheory and skills. Then I signed up for BCCtrain, I found dozens of career related books to read on this topiccognitionLevel of improvement.

That's the problem. How to define your position?

Efficient learning 7 lessons provides a tool——personal growth locationmatrixanalysisModel

As shown in the figure, personal growthlocationThe abscissa of the matrix isRisk appetiteriskbearabilityThe higher the person, the easier it is to choose a more challenging positioning strategy. The ordinate is the ability level. The more capable people are, the higher their ability to grasp opportunities. Conversely, the more opportunities they have to choose.

The individual growth positioning matrix divides four growth positioning strategies into two dimensions: ability level and risk preference. Accordingly, a person's learning direction also has four choices.

Smooth start: at this stage, the ability to bear risks is weak, so it is advisable to make conservative choices, first solve personal food and clothing, and then seek a breakthrough. From the perspective of learning, learn more practicalskillIt would be better.

Choose a runway: if one's heartselfAchievement motivation is very strong. Even if the starting point ability is general, you can choose the direction you want at the beginning and stick to your efforts. At this point,needChoose a direction with room for improvement, continue to invest in learning and become a first-class person in the fieldmatterAnd get more in return than ordinary people.

Upgrade the track: the ability is strong. You can consider promotion, job changeJob hoppingEtc., openCareerThere is room for growth. At this time, we need to comprehensively upgrade our ownknowledgeFramework to meet their higher learningdemand

Change game:

Strong ability and not afraid of adventure. Upgrading the track can no longer satisfy your appetite. You must enter a larger stage to have room for development.

At this time, we need to learn from people, learn how others behave and work, and form our own "playing method".

You can use this tool to analyze your current state and find the corresponding learning direction. In actual use, andoccupationtargetCombined, it will be more effective.

02. Only by challenging big goals can we counter attack

"7 classes of efficient learning" points out that many people keep learning,actuallyI'm looking for a sense of control. In fact, I won't make great progress by learning this and that. There is a passage that tells the state of my previous years.

"Many people like to achieve small goals or achieve small goals one by oneAction plan, I don't think this must be progress, but some people try to make small progress one by one, suggesting that they still have a sense of control over the world, so as to obtain a sense of certainty about life. This sense of certainty makes people feel safe, and the sense of security will make a person less anxious, which is very important to them. "

The main reason why we do this is that we are afraid of falling behind and anxious, so we always want to learn moreshort-termWhat you can learn, ease the focus and see "growth". But in fact, if you don't have a big goal to lead in front, the realization of these small goals won't play a big role. They are just Ibuprofen Tablets in daily anxiety. Their role is only to slow down your pain and make some improvements to the current situation to some extent, which can't make you make a qualitative leap and breakthrough.

Master's learning is not like this.

Liu Xiang, a famous Chinese track and field athlete, won the world championship very early. At that time, he hurdledtechnologyIt's eight steps on the bar, and it's very skilled. It was in the 110 meter hurdlesprojectIn China, only three players in the world have mastered the unique skills of seven steps on the hurdle, and their results have increased year by year, leading the players who use eight steps on the hurdle. In order to improve his grades,decisionPractice seven steps on the bar.

On the evening of May 15, 2011, in the men's 110m hurdles competition of IAAF Diamond League Shanghai station, Liu Xiang used the seven step hurdle technique for the first time and won the title in 13.07 seconds, ending Oliver's 20 game winning streak myth.

Liu Xiang achieved the big goal of seven steps on the hurdletarget, those who use the eight step hurdle, no matter how refined the eight step hurdle technique, can't surpass his speed.

This is the role of big goals.

We are also the same in learning. We set a big goal beyond ordinary people and understand that once we achieve the big goal, we can catch up from behind, so we won't worry. Even in the process of learning, becauseneedMaster all kinds of newskillAnd the progress is slow,short-termThe decline in internal performance can also be accepted.

In 2020, I will dooccupationreplay A big goal for yourself is to form your ownCareermethod. I know, once I build my ownMethodologyWill exceed 90%Career counselorThat's why I can do consulting, learning, combing and writing without being troubled by anxiety.

03. Train professionally rather than amateur

When we have a big goal, in order to achieve it, we may need to learn and master various new skills. At this time, we should take professional training. Efficient learning 7 classes gives a formula for quickly mastering skills, as shown in the figure below.

I'm "how"workMedium establishmentPersonal brandA similar method is also mentioned in the article——deliberate practice

These methods come from《deliberate practice 》, I recommend you to read this book in depth. It won't be expanded here.

04. HighqualityOutput forced input

In learning, there is a widely accepted view that output forces input. But it is better to force the input with high-quality output, because the general output,actuallyNo effect, justselfJust comfort.

liftIndividual caseSon, if you have children in your family, you like to read childcare books, see good methods, take a picture, send a circle of friends, and then it's all right. Even if youevery dayTake pictures of hair circles and raise childrenabilityIn fact, there will be no substantial improvement.

Why?

First, the output mode you choose is not the best.

For learning for the purpose of parenting, sharing parenting methods in the circle of friends is a poor output method, better than nothing. The best way to output is to raise children well, that is, "internalization practice".

Second, your output has no quality.

Just give it to mebooksTake a picture of the content, or cut a picture of an article of a childcare blogger and send it to the circle of friends. This can only be regarded as "copy and paste". Without personal understanding, it basically does not promote the mastery of the corresponding childcare methods. This is low quality output, invalid. To be effective, it's best to write a small composition and send it to the circle of friends after solving a child's problem.

So, how can we form high-quality output?

There is a passage in "7 classes of efficient learning" that points out the direction.

"If one thing is not clearquality standard, it's hard to do well.standardThere are three kinds: ① recognizedtechnical standard;②industryExcellent benchmark; ③ own historical benchmark. The difficulty of these standards is reduced in turn. "

According to the meaning of this passage, if you want to force yourself to learn through output, there are three steps:
First clarify the quality standard of your output
Learning and Practice
Create output that meets quality standards

In this way, we can avoid treating "output" as "output"quality”Only in this way can we jump out of the trap of low-level diligence.

Then, when it comes to output, it also involves the problem of output methods. 7 classes of efficient learning summarizes 7 common output methods, as shown in the figure below.

The difficulty of these seven output modes increases from the bottom of the pyramid to the top. But you don't have to output in this order. You can choose the appropriate output mode according to your own situation.

For example, you learn to raise childrenknowledgeTo raise children, you can directly choose the fifth output mode - "internalization practice", strive to raise children and solve various problems in their growth, which is the best output. Similarly, learning programming, the best output is to write software to solve practical problems.

For example, you learn to make PPT and learntime management, you can choose to take notesMind mapThey can strengthen your understanding of the method and help you better master a method.

05. Learning without solving problems is self hi

After learning, output notes, mind maps, retelling articles, etc. are all learning achievements. But the most fundamental result is that you have the ability to solve problems through learningability, and in practiceworkThe problem is solved in.

Therefore, please don't indulge in various outputs that don't solve practical problems, but return to the purpose of learning - solving problems - and solve real problems in work and life.

This is the result of "efficient learning 7 classes"thinking

Efficient learners will use results thinking to create high-quality output. High quality output is often in the following four categories.

"The reason why efficient learners are efficient is that they seriously think about the problems of output, think about the output results, solve problems in those aspects, and create meaningful resultsvalueIn order to make learning effective, rather than using the means to move yourself. "

I hope we can all use achievement thinking to guide our learning. This kind of thinking can solve the problem of "having read a lot of books and still having a bad life".

06. Summary: the of efficient learninglogic

The above is the learning logic I want to share with you today. It comes from 7 lessons of efficient learning. The summary is as follows:

First of all, clarify your ownlocation, with positioning, learning has direction.
Then, set a big goal beyond ordinary peopletarget, only when there is a big goal can there be a breakthrough.
Next, we should master the new knowledge in a professional wayskill
Next, you can use highqualityTo force in-depth learning.
Finally, we should return to the reality level, solve practical problems with what we have learned, complete the purpose of learning and realize the closed loop.

I hope each of us can become efficient learners.

Statement: This article only represents the author's point of view, not the position of MBA think tank.
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An Xiaohui

WeChat official account: An Xiaohui's career (ID:programmer_sight); Writer, professional planner.